FIRST AID TO THE INJURED
Freezing And Frostbite
Symptom: The part frozen appears white or bluish and is cold.
Treatment: Raise the temperature of the frozen member slowly by
rubbing it with snow or ice and water, in a cool place. Don't go near a
If the blood is dark blue and the stream is continuous, a vein has been
punctured which, in itself, is not ordinarily dangerous. The bandaging
of such a wound will usually stop the flow of blood. Bandage firmly.
Remember all wounds ...
Do not pull the clothing from the burnt part, but rip or cut it off. Do
not break the blisters or prick them even if large.
Treatment: Protect it quickly with a mixture of equal parts of linseed
or olive oil and water.
In snake bites the poison acts quickly.
Treatment: Apply a tourniquet between the wound and the heart so as to
stop the circulation and prevent the system from absorbing the poison.
Get out your knife and make a couple of cross cu...
Symptom: Loss of consciousness. It is usually the result of severe
bleeding or exhaustion from fatigue. This condition is rarely dangerous.
Treatment: Lay the patient on his back, head a little lower than rest
of body, arms by sid...
Sunstroke--(the Skin Is Hot)
A sunstroke is accompanied by the following symptoms: headache,
dizziness, sense of oppression, nausea, colored vision, and often the
patient becomes insensible. The muscles are relaxed, face flushed, skin
hot, pulse rapid, and the ...
Being under water for over four or five minutes is generally fatal,
but, unless you know the body has been submerged a long time, make an
attempt to restore life. Don't get disheartened and give up, if you see
no signs of life after...
The following arm signals are prescribed. In making signals either arm
may be used. Officers who receive signals on the firing line repeat
back at once to prevent misunderstanding.
Forward, MARCH. Carry the hand to the shoulder;...
Broken Bone (fracture)
The next injury you must know is a broken bone. You will usually know
when an arm or leg is broken by the way the arm or leg is held, for the
wounded man loses control over the limb. Suppose your comrade breaks his
leg or arm. What ...
Heat Exhaustion--(the Skin Is Cool)
Symptoms: Nausea, a staggering gait, pulse is weak, and the patient
may quickly become unconscious. The skin is cool. This condition is
Treatment: Rub the limbs vigorously. Give stimulants; apply heat.