Guards are used in camp or garrison to preserve order, to protect
property, and to enforce police regulations. The commander of the guard
is an officer or non-commissioned officer. He performs his duties under
the supervision of the officer of the day. A sentinel is on post two
hours out of every six. And a tour of guard duty is twenty-four hours.
As guard duty is of such utmost importance, and laxity, or failure to
form it properly, is very severely punished, the duties of all
connected with it are clearly prescribed in the Guard Manual.
Orders for sentinels are divided into two classes, general and special.
Each should be memorized. Special orders relate to particular posts and
duties. General orders apply to all sentinels and are as follows:
(1) To take charge of this post and all government property in view.
(2) To walk my post in a military manner, keeping always on the alert
and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing.
(3) To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce.
(4) To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guard house
than my own.
(5) To quit my post only when properly relieved.
(6) To receive, obey, and pass on to the sentinel who relieves me all
orders from the commanding officer, officer of the day, and officers and
noncommissioned officers of the guard only.
(7) To talk to no one except in line of duty.
(8) In case of fire or disorder to give the alarm.
(9) To allow no one to commit a nuisance on or near my post.
(10) In any case not covered by instructions to call the corporal of
(11) To be especially watchful at night, and, during the time for
challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post, and to allow
no one to pass without proper authority. (Guard Manual.)