site logo

Steam Tug Grace Titus Statement Of George Carlton Containing Valuable Confirmatory Information

Depot Quartermaster's Office,

Baltimore, Jany. 16, 1865.

Captain, Steam Tug

"Grace Titus."

You will proceed with your tug as directed by Lieut. H. B.

Smith, who will hand you this.

Upon completion of the service demanded by Lieut. Smith, you

will return to this port and report to me.


Capt. & Quartermaster.

I cannot recall what the expedition was for. Incidentally, I may say, I

am continually recognizing that many good stories will be omitted from

lapses of memory, but you will not lose much, as the ones I am

furnishing serve to show the general varied character of my work. My own

personal work and the work of my men, employed in every direction, kept

me busy. I had a man on every steamer plying Chesapeake Bay.

In glancing over subpoenas to attend courts, I find name after name,

none of which occur here; but the most important proposition before me

was to gather information that would assist me in my proposed work to

cripple Mosby's damaging work in the territory known as "between the

lines." It was the country outside our lines and outside the Confederate

lines, peopled by our enemies, always willing to serve the Confederacy,

never serving us; acting as a sponge to draw supplies from us by means

of blockade-running, which could in turn be absorbed by the

Confederates. The efforts of our gunboats to stop the traffic were

futile, as I have heretofore remarked.

Office Provost Marshal,

8th Army Corps.

Baltimore, Jany. 19, 1865.

Statement of George Carlton, deserter, Battery Baltimore,

Rebel Horse Artillery, says:

"I am a native of Brooklyn, New York. Went South in the year

1859; went to Mobile. I was engaged in a dry goods store. In

May, 1862, I was put in the Rebel Army at Richmond, which

place I was taken to from Mobile. I had the chance to join

what command I pleased and I joined the Baltimore Battery in

Richmond. I staid in the company two weeks, then was detailed

in the Quartermaster's Department at Gordonsville, Va.

"I remained there until the spring of 1864, when I was sent to

my Company, then in the valley, under Early. I stayed with the

Company until Oct. 1864, when I deserted from my Company and

came to Westmorland County, Va., and then took a boat and

crossed the Potomac River and landed in St. Mary's County,

Md., and from there I walked to Baltimore.

"I was afraid to attempt to desert before that time. (Oct.

'64.) I deserted during Early's retreat. The Battery that I

was a member of lost all their guns. I heard officers say that

they lost forty-four pieces.

"I had a hard time getting through Westmorland County. I did

not cross the river until about two weeks ago, and during that

time I have been on my way from St. Mary's County to this


"Now I wish to give certain information to the Government:

John J. Spaulding, who lived near Leonardtown, Md., and now

lives on the Virginia side, at Westmorland Court House, six

miles from the Potomac River, and boarding with a Mr Harvey,

who keeps tavern at the Court House, brought me over the river

and eight persons besides myself.

"He brought us over in the night; he seemed very much afraid,

and kept out of sight, and landed at Caywood's Bluff, near

Britton's Bay.

"Spaulding is a blockade runner, and keeps a large store of

blockade goods at Westmorland Court House. He brought a large

lot over the river a few days before I arrived at the Court

House. He keeps his boat in Poor Jack Creek, and in a small

gut. From what I heard, I think when he comes over after goods

he goes to St. Clemmen's Bay in St. Mary's County, up to a

certain Merryman's store, and I know that Merryman sells goods

to Spaulding and a much larger quantity to Watkins & Pumphrey,

two blockade runners at the Court House.

"Pumphrey did belong to my company; Watkins to the 1st

Maryland Infantry (Rebel) and deserted, and they are now

running the blockade.

"Watkins and Pumphrey were over about a month ago, and while

on their way up St. Clemmen's Bay, while landing in a creek

near Merryman's store, the Federal Cavalry, being informed by

a citizen came near capturing them, but they hid in their

hiding place, and then they went in the night to Merryman's

store; he told them that if they were not more careful, he

would not sell them goods.

"Pumphrey told me about it when he came back to the Court

House. They bought at that time about five hundred dollars'

worth of goods; Pumphrey showed me the bill made out by

Merryman. The kind and quantity of goods were, sugar, coffee,

dry-goods, gray cloth, hats, boots and shoes, gun-caps, powder

spices and other goods, shot, &c.

"I have seen them haul the goods from the boat to the Court

House, and have seen most of the things, including the powder

and caps on Merryman's bill. The powder came over in cans,

weighing about five pounds each. The party who hauls the stuff

from Merryman's store to the boat is named Bows, or Bowers,

who lives near Leonardtown.

"Jarboe and Molacy, blockade runners who were captured, bought

their goods of Merryman, sometimes. Certain vessels running

wood from near Leonardtown to Washington or Alexandria as a

pretext, drop in on the Virginia shore and land goods and

recruits for the Rebel Army, so I learned at the Court House.

"John J. Spaulding had a brother, a Doctor, in Leonardtown,

who forwarded goods to the river shore for his brother John;

he, Dr Spaulding, was drafted and ordered to report. He

deserted and went over to the Virginia shore to his brother,

and took Blair, Bailey Bowers, a son of the man who hauls

goods, and Hayden; they were all drafted men.

"Since Dr. Spaulding left this side, his wife, Mrs. Dr. Eck

Spaulding, has attended to all the business in that line; she

has the name on the Virginia side of being the smartest of the

three in that business. The Spauldings told me that she

forwarded stuff to them.

"They understood that I had a furlough and that I was on my

way to Maryland to make what I could and return to Virginia.

John Harvey, the keeper of the tavern, runs refugees over the

river, but I can't say whether he brings goods back or not,

but runners say he does.

"While I was at Westmorland Court House, some four companies

out of seven, of Mosby's men, came down and camped at

Heathesville, some twenty or twenty-five miles from where I

was. They intended to winter their horses there. Mosby was not

in command; they were commanded by a Major. I heard Mosby was


"John J. Spaulding showed me a bill of exchange, fifteen

pounds sterling, on Brown Brothers and Company, Baltimore, in

favor of Thomas Levering. John J. Spaulding, on arrival on

this side, passed it into the hands of Dr. Spaulding's wife,

for collection.

"About six weeks ago Spaulding brought over to the Md. shore,

a Lieut. Smith, of Mosby's command, and Russel Low, and Daniel

DeWolf Low, and at another time Wm. H. Sweeney, of Washington;

he is engaged to get married, and came over to get wedding

clothes. Sweeney has been over before, in company with


"Spaulding also brought over a man by the name of Richy, who

was a detective in Richmond, and has carried two Rebel mails

to Richmond from Maryland. Spaulding also brought over one

Carroll, of Baltimore; also some Jew blockade runners, and a

great many others. The Jews run a great deal of medicine for

the Confederate Government.

"It is my opinion that a cavalry force, landed above on the

Neck, could cut Mosby's four companies off, and capture them

in the position they lay.

"There is a Signal Post on the Potomac River, near Mathias

Point, Va., in charge of Captain Caywood, of the Confederate

Signal Corps. He has a boat, and in good weather he comes over

twice a week. He carries the regular mail and the foreign

mail; it is a regular government concern.

"I tried to find out who assisted him on this side, but could

not do so. I found he would carry no one over without a pass

from the Secretary of War. In crossing the river they sometime

pass within 1200 yards of a gunboat."

(Signed and sworn.)