A ration is the allowance (money) for the subsistence of one person for
one day. It is based on the cost of a fixed amount of certain foods
(such as meat, potatoes, bread, etc.) necessary for a workingman. As the
cost of food in the different sections of the country varies, so does
the cost of the ration. There are several kinds of ration based on what
the soldier is doing and the climate he is in. If you are ever in
command of a company, whether in the field or in barracks, one of your
most important duties will be to supervise the cooking and messing of
your company. You should, therefore, become familiar with the following
(1) Garrison rations. Used by troops in garrison and during peace and
(2) Reserve ration. Carried on the person and in the trains.
(3) Field ration. The ration prescribed by the commander of a field
(4) Travel ration. Used when traveling.
(5) Emergency ration. Used by troops on an active campaign in an
(6) Filipino ration. For use of Filipino Scouts.